Interethnic and interracial communication
Nonverbally, dissociative communication occurs through covert and subtle facial, vocal, and bodily expressions that convey lack of interest, disrespect, arrogance, and anger. Nevertheless, significant progress has been achieved in some institutions, notably in education and employment, to promote equal treatment of individuals of all ethnic categories, thereby fostering a social environment that is more conducive to associative behaviors at the level of the individual. Since the s, countries such as the United States and Canada have undergone a significant transformation toward an increasing equity among their majority and minority ethnic groups. According to Brewer and Miller , people also tend to exhibit more dissociative behaviors when they find themselves in an organization that is governed by an asymmetric power structure that has been created along ethnic lines. Was this page helpful?
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Introduction to Intercultural Communication Chapter 1.
Chapter 11 Ethnicity and Race Ethnicity refers to cultural practices and outlooks of a given community that tend to set people apart. Since even relationships between those with similar backgrounds are complicated, it stands to reason that cross-cultural relationships are inherently predisposed to producing conflicts — many of which are not anticipated before the wedding vows are made. One of the key situational factors is the level of homogeneity i. Even a single factor, such as an individual's strong loyalty to the ingroup or a prejudice against an outgroup, may be so powerful as to overshadow all favorable situational factors that are operating in a given encounter. Skip to search form Skip to main content. Among such behaviors are attentive and friendly facial expressions and complementary or mirroring body movements, as well as personalized rather than impersonal speech patterns that focus on the other person as a unique individual. Accordingly, the classical approach to reducing interethnic dissociative behaviors—the contact hypothesis originally articulated by Yehuda Amir —has been to increase equitable and cooperative interethnic contact so as to increase mutual understanding and cooperation.
Interracial and interethnic conflict and communication in the United States — Penn State
Nonverbally, dissociative communication occurs through covert and subtle facial, vocal, and bodily expressions that convey lack of interest, disrespect, arrogance, and anger. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Both inventions were rapidly adopted by surrounding nations through trade and cooperation and have been of fundamental benefit to the progress of civilization. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Groups with this type of shared goal would include military combat units, sports teams, and medical teams fighting an epidemic.
To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Kim began a scientific investigation of cross-cultural adaptation of individuals from a communication perspective for her doctoral thesis. At the other end are those encounters in which the participants are not at all affected by ethnic categories and, instead, communicate with each other based entirely on the personal relationship that exists between them. Intercultural Communication Carolyn Petersen. Foreign spouses are not usually given time to adapt before they are thrown into the culture.